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Explore Scientific Smart Microscope Slide: Stoma Cell Sample (English)

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Explore Scientific Smart Microscope Slide: Stoma Cell SampleSome of the cellular features in this sample are called stoma, or stomata. Stomata are microscopic pores that facilitate gas exchange that are usually found on the underside surfaces of leaves. Viewing the cell structure of vegetation is fascinating, and each has its purpose and function. Identification of the cellular features of a plant is only possible with a high power microscope. The graphic illustration below can help you identify the stoma features on the sample:

Illustration of Stoma, microscopic pores on the underside of a leaf

These small pores have "banana-shaped" cells called guard cells. When the stomata is open carbon dioxide can enter the leaf, while allow water and oxygen to escape. How many stomata are present on a leaf is called stomata density, and plants can change their gas exchange rate by varying the density in new leaves. 

The blue color in this specimen is from Methelyne Blue stain used to highlight the individual cells structure against the background. Specimen staining is just one technique to help students researching microscopic specimens to determine what they are (their morphology). 

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